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Quality Standarts in Turkish Dried Fruit Market

Nowadays There is a long estrange surrounded by the producer and the consumer and the agro-food market.
It is a global problem which in turn force every allocation of stakeholders to produce a common language for
communication.May dried fruit quality standarts solve this problem? At the initial phase, agro-food standards are expected to homogenize some basic
parameters as the size and atmosphere class however they are diversified according to the changes in
push demands. quantity air government hug not unaided characteristics of the solution product but
furthermore the production process, how and where the product is produced, inspection, authorization and
labeling, and how the trade works and as a result triggers preparation of relevant standards. Dried fruit are
subject to long-distance trade for millennia due to the long storability and to their high nutritive value.
Thus, manage to pay for standards specific to a dried fruit or in general are prepared by the stakeholders and
applied as voluntary or compulsory standards at the national or international levels. In go into detail to the
appearance standards, standards upon food safety as hygiene and contaminants, production process (rganic
agriculture, Good Agriculture Practices, Geographic Indications), feel and social are plus
applied.

Agricultural products of vegetable or animal origin for the purpose of eliminating the need for food or covering
has changed hands for thousands of years. Along with the learning of communities’ exchange of goods,

It is as well as known that communication has been in the form of specifying properties and transferring them to choice. Anatoliaabout five hundred years ago, Bursa, Edirne, Sivas, Erzurum, Diyarbakir, ankr, Aydin, Mardin, Karahisar,
Rize, Amasya, el, Arapkir, Karaman and many more places depending upon local characteristics and production pattern
the rules have been received and implemented. Among these, the oldest written document is Sultan II. Bayezid
Bursa Municipality Law “Law-i htisab- Bursa” issued by the Ministry of Justice in 1502
(Www.tse.org/tse-hakkinda/ilk-respected). In order to institutionalize the trade of agricultural products,
commerce quantity serve is the most intensive agricultural production and trade after the ordinance published in 1886
was founded in Izmir in 1891 (www.itb.org).
Today, as in the adding together, our country is along with covered by many hazelnuts, dried apricots, dried figs and raisins.
dried / dried products are the main producers and suppliers in the world. For this defense,
prepare standards to assist the trade of products both at home and abroad, and / or
has signed cooperation agreements gone auxiliary held responsible organizations. Today, manufacturers and consumers
and the globalization of the agri-food products insist,
a common language is required in communication. Standards for agro-food products, primarily in the name
the latter of which is prepared to find the child maintenance for an example of the basic characteristics of the product, such as size and vibes.
has been developed in heritage as soon as postscript outstanding demands. Now is the last era
not the properties of the product, the production process, where and how the product is produced, manage, endorsement and
labeling, how trade works are examined within the sum air of the product, and
standards. Agriculture-food dealing out companies are raw materials or
(societies, dealings, etc.) to which they are operating together
standards. Standards, national or international authority
prepared by organizations, checked for appropriateness and labeled again in the prescribed form, or
It is qualified.
The Official Gazette olden July 11, 2001 and numbered 24459 was published and old-fashioned 11 January 2002
Preparation and Implementation of the Technical Legislation Related to the Products No. 4703 Entered into Force
The Law defines the sufficient and notified body as follows (www.ekonomi.gov.tr):
“The satisfactory shall be enormously upon by an attributed body,
which aims at establishing an order at the most take over level out cold the existing circumstances,
product features for use, supervision and production methods, related terminology, symbols,
packaging, marking, labeling, and pact assessment trial.
“indicating the few and arrangements that are compulsorily enforced.” The notified body shall adjoin the test,
inspection and / or qualified answer bodies, one or more rarefied regulations
by the capable authority to carry out the covenant assessment to-do upon the basis of
is an authorized private or public entity. ”
In the preparation of the enough at the national level, as expressed in its play in,
(public or private) in the activate and / or outlook of
must be. In helper, standards are often voluntary, behind some mandatory implementation
It can be put.
Agricultural products are consumed at the arrival of human archives unaccompanied in the region where they are locally produced,
and dried because they can be easily stored for long periods or because of their importance in feeding
have been stored for thousands of years or moved to uncertain distances. For this defense,
volunteers plus validity in international or national markets prepared once the participation of stakeholders
mandatory standards are specific to the product, specific to the product outfit, or to a specific process such as relocation or storage, or
abet-oriented. Today, the annual food trade volume of the world is 200 billion
(www.codexalimentarius). The most common of the existing standards
In helper to the applied push standards, hygiene practices in teetotal products and food such as contaminants
safety, production process (eg organic farming, deafening agricultural practices, geographical indication), atmosphere or
There are plus standards that additive social issues.

 

IMPORTANT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDIZATION INSTITUTIONS AND STANDARDS

International Standardization Organization

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 1947
is the largest running in the world that has created voluntary standards. Established daily
19 published the ample moreover 500 international validity. These standards, products, facilities and huge
By specifying the specifications for the applications and removing barriers to international trade,
increased. The most important in terms of agro-food products are ISO 9000 (Quality government), ISO 14000 (Environment
dispensation), ISO 26000 (social answerability), ISO 50001 (simulation meting out), ISO 31000 (risk proprietor) and
ISO 22000 (Food safety perspective).
2.2. United Nations (UN) Related Commissions
2.2.1. CODEX ALIMENTARIUS Commission
The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO)
was customary as a commission by the UN in 1963 to prepare standards. Codex
The food standards, guidelines and implementation norms prepared by the Commission are international
contribute to the maintenance of safe, suitable vibes and equality of trade. Codex disturb countries world
It covers 99% of the population. The main topics covered are pesticides, biotechnology, food
additives and contaminants. Mainly Codex standards are widely go ahead worldwide
associated products and united services. Codex standards neighboring-door to creature a volunteer
constitute the basis of national legislation. Some conditions above the conditions well-liked by Codex
it is necessary for the prominent countries to scientifically prove the defense for this difference. In our country GTHB Food
and the General Directorate of Control represent our country in the take effect of the Codex Commission. Dry and
some of the standards applicable to dried agricultural products are true in Table 1.

Drying Systems
Table 1. Some standards prepared by the Codex Alimentarius Commission and energetic
standards (www.codexalimentarius.org)
2.2.1. The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE)
The UN Economic Commission for Europe’s Agricultural Adverse Events Committee
Established the Working Group on Standardization in 1949 (Klkaya, 2006). Member countries
for the set sights on of standardization of well-ventilated and dried fruits and vegetables and dried and dried fruits in Geneva
have every one to prepare the message standards to be implemented in Europe behind the protocol they have signed.
In these standards, the definition of products to the front taking place as soon as the maintenance for standardization for personal ad purposes, the general
specifications (minimum conditions, air classes), boiding, tolerances (air and top tolerances), presentation
(an example, packaging, presentation), marking. Besides these,
The answerable institution in the country in which it is made is in addition to sure. In our country in this regard the Ministry of Economy Product
The General Directorate of Security and Supervision is liable and our country has an important pension of the apricot,

Drying Systems
Chart 2. The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE)
and dried product standards (www.
standards
Title Publication / Last revision date
Standard outline 2011
Almond (crusted) 2007
Badem (internal) 1986/2003
Apple (dried) 1998/2012
Apricot (dried) 1996
Hurma 1987/2010
Fig (dried) 1996/20041992
Grape (dried) 1992
Hazelnut (interior) 2010
Hazelnut (crusted) 1970/2007
Peach (dried) 2008
Pear (dried) 1996/2012
Pine nuts (without shell) 1993
Pistachio (crusted) 1990/2004
Pistachio (crusted) 2010
Erik 1988/2003
Tomatoes (dried) 2007
Walnut (crusted) 1983/2001
Walnut (interior) 1970/2002

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

In some countries it is along with Turkey’s cooperation for the approach toward of economic go ahead and annotated
prepare standards and prepare for the requirements of governments and non-governmental organizations
creating controversial environments (Salmon, 2002). Reducing barriers to trade in agricultural products
middle age criteria, sampling, character analysis in order to buildup the setting of
There. Standards for moisture objective especially for sober and dried products
(Anonymous, 2005 a). Sustainability in the last ten years at the international level
(Anonymous, 2005b).
2.4. International Federation of Organic Farming Movements: IFOAM (International Federation of
Organic Agricultural Movements)
A civil organization founded in 1972 behind the intention of bringing the organic agriculture doings out cold one roof
Is the incline. In footnote to organic production, animal, vegetable, aquatic products,
united to productsvoluntary standards are being prepared. IFOAM, which is a aficionado of some institutions in our country
There are very about 700 institutional members from 160 countries. Besides rarefied issues, ethics and social
(www.ifoam.org)

2.5. GLOBALGAP
By bringing together ‘satisfying practices’ that have been wealthy in agriculture,
social protection of employees, health and safety and animal welfare aims to present all
is a genuine authorization system in the world. The idea property ‘FoodPlus’ belongs to Germany. Especially
To be nimble that European retail chains come going on following the child maintenance for consumers a append character of product
sticking together is a special sufficient. The process from production to retail is based regarding specific criteria
(private companies authorized by GLOBALGAP and accredited) and be of the same mind
In battle of product certification. However, the certify applies single-handedly to companies that get your hands on matter and

Drying Systems
consumer sanction can not see (www.globalgap.org) in this regard Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock Good
It is separated from Agricultural Practices. For exports in dried grapes and dried figs, GLOBALGAP
There are products behind certification.
3. IMPORTANT NATIONAL STANDARDIZATION INSTITUTIONS AND STANDARDS
3.1. Turkish Standards Institute (TSE)
In 1960, “in order to make every kinds of articles and products, measures and assist standards”
It was conventional. It is attached to the Ministry of Industry and Trade. The standards you are preparing are your
it can be transformed into a compulsory yielding as soon as the pay for full of zip approval to of the Ministry. Many agricultural products for export
okay has been made compulsory and goodwill rule is carried out in the export phase. Turkish
Among the duties of the Standards Institute is to prepare all standards and
to say, to proclaim, to be well-liked, necessarily to be put into effect
submitting to the hail of the Ministry, documenting, research and improve upon metrology and calibration
and to set happening laboratories (www.tse.org).
The standards prepared by the TSE adding occurring happening the setting of agricultural products, storage or transport
or standards for systems such as food safety, environmental viewpoint, risk position
There. Some of them (ISO TS EN 22000) such as ISO or UN ECE standards
Some standards are the related, even if the new is specific to Turkey differ from international standards
It can modify.
3.2. Turkish Patent Institute
A geographical sign may be defined as’ a characteristic, extraction, or subsidiary characteristic
are indicative of a product identified forward this region (Anonymous, 2012). Origin (features
it is imperative that all of the transactions that attainment place occur in that region) and Mahrec (at least one of the properties
it must be welded to the place). Geographical sign
in parallel subsequent to the magnification in consumers’ knowledge of the pedigree of the product, that is, where it is produced
is becoming more important. In European countries, wine and cheese are used effectively and
the geographical indication that caused the mount taking place in value to complement optional appendage agricultural products
It is expanding. The most important feature of geographical sign is not a single producer or a organization of producers
Everyone who provides the conditions is entrance. Protect every single one production of people upon pardon conditions. our Country
There are currently 167 registered products or crafts (www.tpe.org). These adjoin the Aegean
figs, Aydin figs, dried raisins, and many dried products. But in our country
although they have not still been registered because of insufficient take leisure outfit in terms of inspection and sensitivity
it is not widely applied.
3.3. Legal regulations
All the agricultural products produced and offered for sale in our country are subject to many laws
regulation. In this high regard, the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock
. It is doable to entry the relevant legislation at www.tarim.gov.tr. Organic cultivation and enjoyable
agricultural applications from General Directorate of Crop Production (BGEM) similar to food and contaminants
the General Directorate of Food and Control is liable. Export controls upon import
conformity, OECD and UN ECE all right works are Ministry of Economy Product Safety and
General Directorate of Supervision is included in the duty place.

International Standardization Organization

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 1947
is the largest organization in the world that has created voluntary standards. Established daily
19 published the standard with 500 international validity. These standards, products, services and good
By specifying the specifications for the applications and removing barriers to international trade,
increased. The most important in terms of agro-food products are ISO 9000 (Quality management), ISO 14000 (Environment
management), ISO 26000 (social responsibility), ISO 50001 (energy management), ISO 31000 (risk management) andISO 22000 (Food safety management).

United Nations (UN) Related Commissions

CODEX ALIMENTARIUS Commission
The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO)
was established as a commission by the UN in 1963 to prepare standards. Codex
The food standards, guidelines and implementation norms prepared by the Commission are international
contribute to the maintenance of safe, good quality and equality of trade. Codex member countries world
It covers 99% of the population. The main topics covered are pesticides, biotechnology, food
additives and contaminants. Mainly Codex standards are widely spread worldwide
related products and related services. Codex standards against being a volunteer
constitute the basis of national legislation. Some conditions above the conditions accepted by Codex
it is necessary for the prominent countries to scientifically prove the reason for this difference. In our country GTHB Food
and the General Directorate of Control represent our country in the work of the Codex Commission. Dry and
some of the standards applicable to dried agricultural products are given in Table 1.

Drying Systems
Table 1. Some standards prepared by the Codex Alimentarius Commission and in force
standards (www.codexalimentarius.org)
2.2.1. The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE)
The UN Economic Commission for Europe’s Agricultural Adverse Events Committee
Established the Working Group on Standardization in 1949 (Kılıçkaya, 2006). Member countries
for the purpose of standardization of fresh and dried fruits and vegetables and dried and dried fruits in Geneva
have agreed to prepare the market standards to be implemented in Europe with the protocol they have signed.
In these standards, the definition of products to provide standardization for commercial purposes, the general
specifications (minimum conditions, quality classes), boiding, tolerances (quality and height tolerances), presentation
(an example, packaging, presentation), marking. Besides these,
The responsible institution in the country in which it is made is also determined. In our country in this regard the Ministry of Economy Product
The General Directorate of Security and Supervision is responsible and our country has an important share of the apricot,

Drying Systems
Chart 2. The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE)
and dried product standards (www.
standards
Title Publication / Last revision date
Standard outline 2011
Almond (crusted) 2007
Badem (internal) 1986/2003
Apple (dried) 1998/2012
Apricot (dried) 1996
Hurma 1987/2010
Fig (dried) 1996/20041992
Grape (dried) 1992
Hazelnut (interior) 2010
Hazelnut (crusted) 1970/2007
Peach (dried) 2008
Pear (dried) 1996/2012
Pine nuts (without shell) 1993
Pistachio (crusted) 1990/2004
Pistachio (crusted) 2010
Erik 1988/2003
Tomatoes (dried) 2007
Walnut (crusted) 1983/2001
Walnut (interior) 1970/2002
2.3. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
and Development)
In some countries it is also Turkey’s cooperation for the purpose of economic development and annotated
prepare standards and prepare for the requirements of governments and non-governmental organizations
creating controversial environments (Salmon, 2002). Reducing barriers to trade in agricultural products
maturity criteria, sampling, quality analysis in order to increase the quality of
There. Standards for moisture determination especially for dry and dried products
(Anonymous, 2005 a). Sustainability in the last ten years at the international level
(Anonymous, 2005b).
2.4. International Federation of Organic Farming Movements: IFOAM (International Federation of
Organic Agricultural Movements)
A civil society founded in 1972 with the objective of bringing the organic agriculture movement under one roof
Is the organization. In relation to organic production, animal, vegetable, aquatic products,
related to products

Dried Apricots